Ford Fusion Manuals

Ford Fusion: Driveshaft / Driveshaft. Diagnosis and Testing

Ford Fusion 2013–2020 Service Manual / Chassis / Driveline / Driveshaft / Driveshaft. Diagnosis and Testing

Preliminary Inspection

  1. Visually inspect the CV joints for obvious signs of mechanical damage.
  1. If an obvious cause for an observed or reported concern is found, correct the cause (if possible) before proceeding to the next step
  1. If the cause is not visually evident, verify the symptom and REFER to Symptom Chart: NVH.

Symptom Chart(s)

Diagnostics in this manual assume a certain skill level and knowledge of Ford-specific diagnostic practices.
REFER to: Diagnostic Methods (100-00 General Information, Description and Operation).

Symptom Chart: NVH

  Symptom Chart


Condition Possible Sources Actions
Driveline clunk - loud clunk when shifting from REVERSE to DRIVE
  • Damaged or worn Constant Velocity (CV) joints
  • INSPECT the Constant Velocity (CV) joints for wear or damage. INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
  • Damaged driveshaft center bearing support
  • INSPECT the insulator for wear or damage. INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
Driveline clunk — occurs as the vehicle starts to move forward following a stop
  • Worn driveshaft CV joint with excessive play
  • INSPECT the CV joint for a worn condition. INSTALL a new driveshaft if necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
  • Damaged driveshaft center bearing support
  • INSPECT the insulator for wear or damage. INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
Buzz – buzzing noise is the same at cruise or coast/deceleration
  • Incorrect driveline angles
  • CHECK for correct driveline angles. REPAIR as necessary.
Rumble or Boom – noise occurs at coast/ deceleration, usually driveshaft speed-related and noticeable over a wide range of speeds
  • Driveshaft out of balance
  • CHECK the driveshaft for damage, missing weights or undercoating. INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
Grunting — normally associated with a shudder experienced during acceleration from a complete stop
  • Driveshaft CV joint binding
  • INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
Driveline shudder – occurs during acceleration from a slow speed or stop
  • Driveline angles out of specification
  • CHECK for correct driveline angles.
  • Binding or damaged driveshaft CV joint
  • INSPECT the driveshaft CV joints and coupling shaft for wear or damage. INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
Driveline vibration - occurs at cruising speeds
  • Worn or damaged driveshaft center bearing support
  • CHECK the insulator for damage or wear. ROTATE the driveshaft and CHECK for rough operation. INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
  • Loose axle pinion flange bolts
  • INSPECT the axle pinion flange. TIGHTEN the pinion flange bolts to specification.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
  • Excessive axle pinion flange runout
  • CARRY OUT a runout check. REPAIR as necessary.
  • Driveshaft is out of balance
  • CHECK the driveshaft for damage , missing balance weights or undercoating. CHECK the driveshaft balance. CARRY OUT a driveline vibration test.
  • Binding or damaged driveshaft CV joint
  • INSPECT the driveshaft CV joint for wear or damage. INSTALL a new driveshaft as necessary.
    REFER to: Rear Driveshaft (205-01 Driveshaft, Removal and Installation).
  • Excessive driveshaft runout
  • CARRY OUT a runout check.
  • Driveline angles out of specification
  • CHECK for correct driveline angles. REPAIR as necessary.

    Specifications

    Driveshaft runout 1.0 mm (0.040 in) Driveshaft to PTU joint angle @ curb ride height 5.259 degrees Driveshaft center bearing "1" joint angle @ curb ride height (Center bearing closest to the PTU) 4...

    Driveshaft Runout and Balancing. General Procedures

    Special Tool(s) / General Equipment 100-002 (TOOL-4201-C) Holding Fixture with Dial Indicator Gauge Inspection NOTE: Driveline vibration exhibits a higher frequency and lower amplitude then high-speed shake...

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