Ford Fusion Manuals

Ford Fusion: Engine Cooling - 1.5L EcoBoost (118kW/160PS) – I4 / Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures

Ford Fusion 2013–2020 Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Engine Cooling - 1.5L EcoBoost (118kW/160PS) – I4 / Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures

Special Tool(s) / General Equipment

Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures ROB75240
Coolant/Battery Refractometer (Fahrenheit)
Fluid Container
Cooling System Vacuum Tester and Refiller

Draining

NOTICE: The coolant must be recovered in a suitable, clean container for reuse. If the coolant is contaminated, it must be recycled or disposed of correctly. Using contaminated coolant may result in damage to the engine or cooling system components.

NOTICE: Use the correct coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types may degrade the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system. For the correct coolant specified for this vehicle, refer to Specifications.

NOTICE: Always fill the cooling system with the manufacturer's specified coolant. Chemically flush the cooling system if a non-specified coolant has been used. Refer to Cooling System Flushing. Failure to follow these instructions may damage the engine or cooling system.

NOTE: During normal vehicle operation, coolant may change color. As long as the engine coolant is clear and uncontaminated, this color change does not indicate the engine coolant has degraded nor does it require the engine coolant to be drained, the system to be flushed, or the engine coolant to be replaced.

NOTE: Less than 80% of coolant capacity can be recovered with the engine in the vehicle. Dirty, rusty or contaminated coolant requires replacement.

  1. Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures  WARNING: When releasing the cooling system pressure, cover the coolant expansion tank cap with a thick cloth.

    Remove the pressure relief cap.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist.
    Refer to: Jacking and Lifting - Overview (100-02 Jacking and Lifting, Description and Operation).
  1. If equipped.
    Remove the retainers and the under body shield.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. Remove the retainers and the front under body shield.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures  WARNING: Be prepared to collect escaping fluid.

    NOTE: Use a hose to drain the coolant.

    Open the radiator drain valve and drain the engine coolant in a suitable, clean container.
    Use the General Equipment: Fluid Container
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures

Filling

Filling and Bleeding with a Vacuum Cooling System Filler

    • NOTICE: Use the correct coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types may degrade the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system. For the correct coolant specified for this vehicle, refer to Specifications.

      NOTICE: Engine coolant provides boil protection, corrosion protection, freeze protection, and cooling efficiency to the engine and cooling components. In order to obtain these protections, maintain the engine coolant at the correct concentration and fluid level in the degas bottle.

      NOTICE: Do not add alcohol, methanol, or brine, or any engine coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. These can cause engine damage from overheating or freezing.

      NOTE: Ford Motor Company does NOT recommend the use of recycled engine coolant since a Ford-approved recycling process is not yet available.

      When adding or topping off the engine coolant:
    • Measure the coolant concentration in the vehicle.
      Use Special Service Tool: ROB75240  Coolant/Battery Refractometer (Fahrenheit).
    • Determine the concentration desired based on the vehicle duty cycle of extreme hot or cold operating conditions.
    • Add, top-off or adjust the coolant to the correct concentration. Refer to Specifications.
      Refer to: Specifications (303-03A Engine Cooling - 1.5L EcoBoost (118kW/160PS) – I4, Specifications).
  1. Close the radiator drain valve.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. Install the front under body shield and the retainers.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. If equipped.
    Install the under body shield and the retainers.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. Install the vacuum cooling system filler and follow the manufacturer's instructions to fill and bleed the system.
    Use the General Equipment: Cooling System Vacuum Tester and Refiller
  1. Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 48/52 to 50/50 (freeze protection -34˚C to -37˚C [-30˚F to -34˚F]) mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system and engine protection.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. Fill the degas bottle to the MAX FILL line.
  1. Install the degas bottle cap until it contacts the hard stop.
  1. Turn the climate control system off.
  1. Start the engine and increase the engine speed to 3,500 rpm and hold for 30 seconds.
  1. Turn the engine off for and wait for 1 minute to purge any large air pockets from the cooling system.
  1. Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures  WARNING: Always allow the engine to cool before opening the cooling system. Do not unscrew the coolant pressure relief cap when the engine is operating or the cooling system is hot. The cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury.

    Check the engine coolant level in degas bottle and if necessary fill to the top of the MAX FILL line on the degas bottle.
  1. Start the engine and let it idle until the engine reaches normal operating temperature and the thermostat is fully open. A fully open thermostat is verified by the cooling fan cycling on at least once.
  1. Increase the engine speed to 3,500 rpm and hold for 30 seconds.
  1. Allow the engine to idle for 30 seconds.
  1. Turn the engine off for 1 minute.
  1. Repeat steps 14 through 16 a total of 10 times to remove any remaining air trapped in the system.
  1. Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures  WARNING: Always allow the engine to cool before opening the cooling system. Do not unscrew the coolant pressure relief cap when the engine is operating or the cooling system is hot. The cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury.

    NOTE: The coolant should be at room temperature when checking the level.

    Check the engine coolant level in degas bottle and if necessary fill to the top of the MAX FILL line on the degas bottle.
  1. Install the pressure relief cap.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures

Filling and Bleeding without a Vacuum Cooling System Filler

    • NOTICE: Use the correct coolant. Do not mix coolant types. Mixing coolant types may degrade the coolant corrosion protection and may damage the engine or cooling system. For the correct coolant specified for this vehicle, refer to Specifications.

      NOTICE: Engine coolant provides boil protection, corrosion protection, freeze protection, and cooling efficiency to the engine and cooling components. In order to obtain these protections, maintain the engine coolant at the correct concentration and fluid level in the degas bottle.

      NOTICE: Do not add alcohol, methanol, or brine, or any engine coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. These can cause engine damage from overheating or freezing.

      NOTE: Ford Motor Company does NOT recommend the use of recycled engine coolant since a Ford-approved recycling process is not yet available.

      When adding or topping off the engine coolant:
    • Measure the coolant concentration in the vehicle.
      Use Special Service Tool: ROB75240  Coolant/Battery Refractometer (Fahrenheit).
    • Determine the concentration desired based on the vehicle duty cycle of extreme hot or cold operating conditions.
    • Add, top-off or adjust the coolant to the correct concentration. Refer to Specifications.
      Refer to: Specifications (303-03A Engine Cooling - 1.5L EcoBoost (118kW/160PS) – I4, Specifications).
  1. Close the radiator drain valve.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. Install the front under body shield and the retainers.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. If equipped.
    Install the under body shield and the retainers.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures
  1. Fill the degas bottle to the MAX FILL line.
  1. Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 48/52 to 50/50 (freeze protection -34˚C to -37˚C [-30˚F to -34˚F]) mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system and engine protection.
  1. Install the degas bottle cap until it contacts the hard stop.
  1. Turn the climate control system off.
  1. Start the engine and increase the engine speed to 3,500 rpm and hold for 30 seconds.
  1. Turn the engine off for and wait for 1 minute to purge any large air pockets from the cooling system.
  1. Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures  WARNING: Always allow the engine to cool before opening the cooling system. Do not unscrew the coolant pressure relief cap when the engine is operating or the cooling system is hot. The cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury.

    Check the engine coolant level in degas bottle and if necessary fill to the top of the MAX FILL line on the degas bottle.
  1. Start the engine and let it idle until the engine reaches normal operating temperature and the thermostat is fully open. A fully open thermostat is verified by the cooling fan cycling on at least once.
  1. Increase the engine speed to 3,500 rpm and hold for 30 seconds.
  1. Allow the engine to idle for 30 seconds.
  1. Turn the engine off for 1 minute.
  1. Repeat steps 32 through 34 a total of 10 times to remove any remaining air trapped in the system.
  1. Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures  WARNING: Always allow the engine to cool before opening the cooling system. Do not unscrew the coolant pressure relief cap when the engine is operating or the cooling system is hot. The cooling system is under pressure; steam and hot liquid can come out forcefully when the cap is loosened slightly. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury.

    NOTE: The coolant should be at room temperature when checking the level.

    Check the engine coolant level in degas bottle and if necessary fill to the top of the MAX FILL line on the degas bottle.
  1. Install the pressure relief cap.
Ford Fusion. Engine Cooling System Draining, Vacuum Filling and Bleeding. General Procedures

    Engine Cooling. Diagnosis and Testing

    Special Tool(s) 3-Way HD Antifreeze Coolant Test Kit328-2050-62291 or equivalent Coolant/Battery RefractometerROB75240 or equivalent Pressure TesterSTN12270 or equivalent UView Combustion Leak TesterUVU560000-R NOTICE: Use the correct coolant...

    Engine Cooling System Flushing. General Procedures

    Materials Name Specification Motorcraft® Premium Cooling System FlushVC-1 ESR-M14P7-A  Flushing   WARNING: Always allow the engine to cool before opening the cooling system...

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