Ford Fusion Manuals

Ford Fusion: Engine - 1.5L EcoBoost (118kW/160PS) – I4 / Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies

Ford Fusion 2013–2020 Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Engine - 1.5L EcoBoost (118kW/160PS) – I4 / Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies

Special Tool(s) / General Equipment

Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies 303-1249
Valve Spring Compressor
TKIT-2006UF-FLM
TKIT-2006UF-ROW
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies 303-300 (T87C-6565-A)
Set, Valve Spring Compressor
TKIT-1988-FESTIVA
T88C-1000-ST
TKIT-1988-TRACER
TKIT-2009TC-F
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies 303-350 (T89P-6565-A)
Compressor, Valve Spring
TKIT-1990-LMH
TKIT-1989-F
TKIT-1989-FM
TKIT-1989-FLM
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies 303-472 (T94P-6565-AH)
Adapter, Valve Spring Compressor
TKIT-1994-LMH/MH2
TKIT-1994-FH/FMH/FLMH
Feeler Gauge
Wooden Block

Materials

Name Specification
Motorcraft® Multi-Purpose Grease Spray
XL-5-A
ESB-M1C93-B
 
Engine Oil - SAE 5W-20 - Synthetic Blend Motor Oil
XO-5W20-Q1SP
WSS-M2C945-B1
 
Motorcraft® Threadlock 262
TA-26
WSK-M2G351-A6
 
Engine Oil - SAE 5W-20 - Synthetic Blend Motor Oil
XO-5W20-Q1SP
WSS-M2C945-B1
 

DISASSEMBLY

NOTICE: During engine repair procedures, cleanliness is extremely important. Any foreign material, including any material created while cleaning gasket surfaces, that enters the oil passages, coolant passages or the oil pan can cause engine failure.

NOTE: If the components are to be reinstalled, mark the location of the components removed, they must be installed in the same location.

  1. Loosen the camshaft bearing caps 1 turn at a time until all tension is released from the camshaft bearing caps. Remove the bolts, the camshaft caps and the camshafts.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: If the camshafts and valve tappets are to be reused, mark the location of the valve tappets to make sure they are assembled in their original positions.

    NOTE: The number on the valve tappets only reflects the digits that follow the decimal. For example, a tappet with the number 0.650 has the thickness of 0.1437 in (3.65 mm).

    Remove the valve tappets.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Install new components as necessary.

    Inspect the valve tappets.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Remove the bolts, the stud bolts and the CAC.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Install new components as necessary.

    Inspect the CAC gasket.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: The bolts remain captured in the intake manifold.

    Loosen the bolts and remove the intake manifold.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Remove and discard the CHT sensor.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Remove the bolt and the bracket.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Remove the cylinder head plug and discard.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTICE: Only use hand tools when removing or installing the spark plugs, or damage can occur to the cylinder head or spark plug.

    NOTICE: If a spark plug is dropped, internal damage may result and the spark plug must be discarded. The use of a damaged spark plug may cause cylinder misfire resulting in engine damage.

    NOTE: Use compressed air to remove any foreign material in the spark plug well before removing the spark plugs.

    Remove the spark plugs.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Use a small screwdriver and multi-purpose grease to remove the valve collets.

    Using the special tools, remove the valve collets, valve spring retainers and the valve springs.
    Use Special Service Tool: 303-300 (T87C-6565-A)  Set, Valve Spring Compressor. , 303-350 (T89P-6565-A)  Compressor, Valve Spring. , 303-472 (T94P-6565-AH)  Adapter, Valve Spring Compressor. , 303-1249  Valve Spring Compressor.
    Material: Motorcraft® Multi-Purpose Grease Spray / XL-5-A (ESB-M1C93-B)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Inspect and install new parts, as necessary.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Use valve stem seal pliers (such as BeTooll HW0107 or equivalent).

    • Use commercially available valve stem seal pliers to remove the valve stem seal.
    • Discard the valve stem seal.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Note the location of the valves if they are to be reused.

    Remove the intake and exhaust valves.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Install new parts, as necessary.

    1. The end of the stem for grooves or scoring.
    1. The valve face and the edge for pits, grooves or scores.
    1. The valve head for signs of burning, erosion, warpage and cracking.
    1. The valve margin for wear.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies

ASSEMBLY

  1. NOTE: If installing the original valves, make sure the valves are installed in the same position from which they were removed. Coat the valve stems with clean engine oil.

    Lubricate and install the intake and exhaust valves.
    Material: Engine Oil - SAE 5W-20 - Synthetic Blend Motor Oil / XO-5W20-Q1SP (WSS-M2C945-B1)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Use valve stem seal pliers (such as BeTooll HW0107 or equivalent).

    • Lubricate the valve stem seal with clean engine oil.
      Material: Engine Oil - SAE 5W-20 - Synthetic Blend Motor Oil / XO-5W20-Q1SP (WSS-M2C945-B1)
    • Use commercially available valve stem seal pliers to install the valve stem seal.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Use a small screwdriver and multi-purpose grease to install the valve collets.

    Using the special tools, install the valve springs, valve spring retainers and the valve collets.
    Use Special Service Tool: 303-300 (T87C-6565-A)  Set, Valve Spring Compressor. , 303-350 (T89P-6565-A)  Compressor, Valve Spring. , 303-472 (T94P-6565-AH)  Adapter, Valve Spring Compressor. , 303-1249  Valve Spring Compressor.
    Material: Motorcraft® Multi-Purpose Grease Spray / XL-5-A (ESB-M1C93-B)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTICE: Only use hand tools when removing or installing the spark plugs, or damage can occur to the cylinder head or spark plug.

    Install the spark plugs.
    Torque: 115 lb.in (13 Nm)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Install the cylinder head plug.
    Torque: 21 lb.ft (29 Nm)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Install the bracket and the bolt.
    Torque: 17 lb.ft (23 Nm)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Install a new CHT sensor.
    Torque: 89 lb.in (10 Nm)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Visually inspect the intake manifold gasket for nicks, cuts and abrasions. If these conditions are not present, the gaskets may be re-used.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Apply threadlock 262 to the intake manifold bolt threads.

    Install the intake manifold and tighten the bolts in sequence shown.
    Material: Motorcraft® Threadlock 262 / TA-26 (WSK-M2G351-A6)
    Torque:
       Stage 1: Tighten bolts 1 and 2 to: :   18 lb.in (2 Nm)
       Stage 2: Tighten bolts 3 and 4 to: :   18 lb.in (2 Nm)
       Stage 3: Tighten bolts 1 and 2 to: :   159 lb.in (18 Nm)
       Stage 4: Tighten bolts 3, 4, 5 and 6 to: :   89 lb.in (10 Nm)
       Stage 5: Retighten bolts 1 and 2 to: :   159 lb.in (18 Nm)
       Stage 6: Retighten bolts 3, 4, 5 and 6 to: :   89 lb.in (10 Nm)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Verify that the CAC seal remains correctly located.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
    1. Install the CAC, the bolts and the stud bolts.
    1. Hand tighten bolts 7 and 10.
    1. Hand tighten the remaining bolts.
    1. Tighten the bolts and the stud bolts.
      Torque: 89 lb.in (10 Nm)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. Lubricate with clean engine oil and install the valve tappets.
    Material: Engine Oil - SAE 5W-20 - Synthetic Blend Motor Oil / XO-5W20-Q1SP (WSS-M2C945-B1)
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTICE: Failure to position the cylinder head on wooden blocks may cause cylinder head damage.

    NOTE: Make sure that the valves are clear of the wooden blocks.

    Position the cylinder head on wooden blocks.
    Use the General Equipment: Wooden Block
  1. NOTICE: Failure to follow the camshaft tightening procedure can result in damage to the camshafts.

    NOTICE: Make sure that the camshafts and camshaft bearing caps are installed in their original locations or damage to the engine may occur.

    NOTE: Make sure that the mating faces are clean and free of foreign material.

    NOTE: Apply clean engine oil to the bearing surfaces of the camshafts, camshaft bearing caps and the VCT bridge.

    • Tighten the bolts evenly, half a turn at a time, until the camshaft bearing caps and the VCT bridge are seated against the cylinder head.
      Material: Engine Oil - SAE 5W-20 - Synthetic Blend Motor Oil / XO-5W20-Q1SP (WSS-M2C945-B1)
      Torque:
         Stage 1: Tighten bolts 1 through 16 to: :   62 lb.in (7 Nm)
         Stage 2: Tighten bolts 17 through 20 to: :   89 lb.in (10 Nm)
         Stage 3: Tighten bolts 1 through 16 an additional: :   45 °
         Stage 4: Tighten bolts 17 and 18 an additional: :   70 °
         Stage 5: Tighten bolts 19 and 20 an additional: :   53 °
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
    1. Using the flats of the camshaft, rotate the camshaft to place the cam lobe at base circle, with the lobe pointed away from the tappet.
    1. Use a feeler gauge to measure the clearance of each valve and record its location.
      Use the General Equipment: Feeler Gauge
    1. Repeat to measure all of the lobe/tappet clearances.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies
  1. NOTE: Select tappets using this formula: ideal tappet thickness = measured clearance + the existing tappet thickness - nominal clearance. Select the closest tappet size to the ideal tappet thickness available and mark the installation location.

    NOTE: The nominal clearance is 0.0112 in (.285 mm) for intake and 0.0167 in (.425 mm) for exhaust.

    NOTE: The acceptable clearances after being fully installed is 0.009–0.013 in (.24–.33 mm) for intake and 0.015–0.019 in (.38–.47 mm) for exhaust.

  1. NOTICE: Failure to follow the camshaft loosening procedure can result in damage to the camshafts.

    NOTE: Note the location and orientation of each camshaft bearing cap and the position of the camshaft lobes on the No. 1 cylinder for installation reference.

    • Loosen the camshaft bearing caps 2 turns at a time until all tension is released from the camshaft bearing caps in sequence shown.
    • Remove the bolts and the camshaft caps.
    • Remove the camshafts.
    • Discard the bolts.
Ford Fusion. Cylinder Head. Disassembly and Assembly of Subassemblies

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